Kitchen Burns

Step 1 : Secure Your Environment

    Make the scene safe by shutting off any open flame or burner so no one else gets hurt. 

    Get out of the area as soon as possible and call emergency services. 

Step 2 : Assess The Burn

    First-degree burns only affect the top layer of skin, the epidermis and are a little bit swollen and red. 

    Sunburns are common first-degree burns unless there is blistering involved. 

Step 3 : Treat First-degree Burns

    Put the affected area under the faucet and run cool water over it for 15-20 minutes. 

    This will help pull heat away from the skin, which will help reduce inflammation. 

    DO NOT use ice because it can lead to frostbite on the burned skin if it is left on the skin for too long. •        DO NOT apply butter or blow air on the burn. 

Step 5: Apply An Antibiotic Ointment

    Use ointments such as Bacitracin or polysporin each time you clean the burn .  

Step 7: Monitor The Burn

    After rinsing and treating your burn, monitor to ensure it does not develop into a second-degree burn. If it does, consider seeking medical treatment. 

Cuts And Scrapes

Step 1: Rinse Your Wound

    Find the nearest source of running water and keep the wound underneath it to wash away the blood. 

    This will also help remove any foreign objects that might have gotten into a cut 

    If you don't have running water, cleanse the wound with antibacterial wash or gel. 

    If you're cleaning a wound near the eye, be careful not to get soap in the eye.

Step 2 : Control The Bleeding

    Before you clean and bandage a wound, try to get any bleeding under control. 

    Using a clean, dry bandage (or any clean absorbent cloth), apply very gentle pressure over the wound 

    The pressure on the wound will promote blood clotting and stop bleeding within 20 minutes

    If significant bleeding continues even after you apply pressure for 15-20 minutes, the wound may need immediate medical attention. 

    Furthermore, use soap and water to disinfect your hands before contacting the wound.

Step 3: Remove Any Visible Debris 

    If there are large pieces of dirt, glass, or other objects embedded in the wound, try to remove them with a clean set of tweezers. 

    Rinsing the tweezers in rubbing alcohol first will help to prevent the transfer of bacteria and other microbes. 

    Take care not to cause further damage by pushing the tweezers into the wound itself.

Step 5 : Find An Appropriate Bandage

    Pick out a sanitized and appropriately sized bandage for the wound. 

    If it's a smaller cut, then a bandage with self adhesive (such as a Band-Aid) is likely best for the job. 

    Be careful not to touch the underside of the dressing to reduce the risk of infection. 

Step 6 : Secure The Dressing And Cover It 

    Use non-stretch, water-resistant medical tape to attach the dressing to the skin on all sides. 

    Make sure the tape contacts healthy, uninjured skin. 

    Avoid using industrial tape like duct tape or electrician's tape, which may tear the skin

    Completely cover the dressing with a clean elastic wrap or stretchy bandage for further protection.

    Don't wrap the bandage too tightly and cut off circulation to the wound 

Step 7 :  Change The Dressing Daily 

    Replacing the old dressing with a fresh one each day keeps the wound clean and promotes healing. 

    If your cut was small enough to use a Band-Aid, then change that daily as well. 

    Signs of healing include reduced inflammation/swelling, less or no more pain and formation of scab.