Step 1 : Secure Your Environment
• Make the scene safe by shutting off any open flame or burner so no one else gets hurt.
• Get out of the area as soon as possible and call emergency services.
Step 2 : Assess The Burn
• First-degree burns only affect the top layer of skin, the epidermis and are a little bit swollen and red.
• Sunburns are common first-degree burns unless there is blistering involved.
Step 3 : Treat First-degree Burns
• Put the affected area under the faucet and run cool water over it for 15-20 minutes.
• This will help pull heat away from the skin, which will help reduce inflammation.
• DO NOT use ice because it can lead to frostbite on the burned skin if it is left on the skin for too long. • • DO NOT apply butter or blow air on the burn.
Step 5: Apply An Antibiotic Ointment
• Use ointments such as Bacitracin or polysporin each time you clean the burn .
Step 7: Monitor The Burn
• After rinsing and treating your burn, monitor to ensure it does not develop into a second-degree burn. If it does, consider seeking medical treatment.
Cuts And Scrapes
Step 1: Rinse Your Wound
• Find the nearest source of running water and keep the wound underneath it to wash away the blood.
• This will also help remove any foreign objects that might have gotten into a cut
• If you don't have running water, cleanse the wound with antibacterial wash or gel.
• If you're cleaning a wound near the eye, be careful not to get soap in the eye.
Step 2 : Control The Bleeding
• Before you clean and bandage a wound, try to get any bleeding under control.
• Using a clean, dry bandage (or any clean absorbent cloth), apply very gentle pressure over the wound
• The pressure on the wound will promote blood clotting and stop bleeding within 20 minutes
• If significant bleeding continues even after you apply pressure for 15-20 minutes, the wound may need immediate medical attention.
• Furthermore, use soap and water to disinfect your hands before contacting the wound.
Step 3: Remove Any Visible Debris
• If there are large pieces of dirt, glass, or other objects embedded in the wound, try to remove them with a clean set of tweezers.
• Rinsing the tweezers in rubbing alcohol first will help to prevent the transfer of bacteria and other microbes.
• Take care not to cause further damage by pushing the tweezers into the wound itself.
Step 5 : Find An Appropriate Bandage
• Pick out a sanitized and appropriately sized bandage for the wound.
• If it's a smaller cut, then a bandage with self adhesive (such as a Band-Aid) is likely best for the job.
• Be careful not to touch the underside of the dressing to reduce the risk of infection.
Step 6 : Secure The Dressing And Cover It
• Use non-stretch, water-resistant medical tape to attach the dressing to the skin on all sides.
• Make sure the tape contacts healthy, uninjured skin.
• Avoid using industrial tape like duct tape or electrician's tape, which may tear the skin
• Completely cover the dressing with a clean elastic wrap or stretchy bandage for further protection.
• Don't wrap the bandage too tightly and cut off circulation to the wound
Step 7 : Change The Dressing Daily
• Replacing the old dressing with a fresh one each day keeps the wound clean and promotes healing.
• If your cut was small enough to use a Band-Aid, then change that daily as well.
• Signs of healing include reduced inflammation/swelling, less or no more pain and formation of scab.